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Historic City of Yazd

With the great wind towers soaring above a labyrinth of adobe roofs, the historic old city of Yazd is proud to be known as the city of windcatchers in the world. The second oldest town and the first adobe city on earth are also the two significant characteristics of Yazd. These features are so alluring that they nudge us into visiting this desert city that can boost the history of Iran’s land brick by brick to the world.

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2017, the world has considered Yazd as the owner of one of the most striking cultural heritages in different historical eras of Iran. What is specifically important in the midst of this vast volume of history is the preservation of the traditional and historical context of a significant part of Yazd, which is tied to the preservation of the culture and civilization belong to the people of this ancient land. Now, let’s dive right in the details about Yazd, the mother of Adobe cities of the world.

Yazd is a city settled in the middle of the Iranian Plateau, near the Spice and Silk Road, which is called by various names, such as the city of qanats, the city of wind catchers, the city of sweets, and the city of fire and sun. There is no doubt that during history, people in Yazd, generation after generation, got adapted to their surrounding desert.

The very unique Persian architecture of Yazd is the phenomenon of this human-desert interaction. Yazd bears witness to the brilliant use of restricted resources for survival in the desert. In addition, an extraordinarily intricate construction system of earthen architecture and adaptation of living to the unfriendly environment are significant indicators of residences’ genius.


Most notably, the water system of qanats has benefited Yazd a lot. Fortunately, Yazd’s earthen architecture has resisted the modernization that demolished numerous earthen towns. Yazd has preserved its traditional districts and houses, the qanat system, and its historical attractions to respect its conditions of authenticity. There are some elements that make Yazd well known and you should consider visiting them in Yazd tours like:

·         Zoroastrian fire temples

·         Windcatchers

·         Ab Anbars (cisterns)

·         Qanats (underground channels)

·         Yakhchals (coolers), Persian handicrafts

·         Handwoven cloth (Persian termeh)

·         Silk weaving, Persian cotton candy

·         Time-honored confectioneries

To explore the significant attractions of the city, take the time to read the following parts.

Probing Yazd’s Attractions

Fahaadan Historic Neighborhood

In every corner of Yazd, an attraction awaits us to be explored. So let us start by walking in the Fahaadan historic neighborhood, where the aristocrats used to live in the past times. Exploring this authentic area is like entering an enjoyable adobe maze, where the sweet aroma of clay has filled the atmosphere. Walking in the narrow alleys, screened by imposing mud walls, will transform you back in history.


Fahaadan neighborhood offers the visitors a collection of courtyards and teahouses, historical mosques and houses, such as Lariha House, and handicraft shops to discover. The tall windcatchers and domes above the houses, courtyards, and thick earthen walls remind visitors of the beauty of Yazd’s traditional architecture. These elements altogether generate a good microclimate for the warm and dry city of Yazd, where the yellow and brown color of buildings reveals this claim. 

Zoroastrian Attractions

Have you ever known that Yazd is a city that celebrates different religions, coexisting in peace, including Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism? Therefore, it provides an opportunity to visit monuments of religious, architectural, and historic importance now.

The Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd is our host. This is a beautiful building, with the Achaemenid architecture, which sits in the center of a green yard, in front of which there is a small circular pool, and the pattern of “Forouhar” manifests on the front of the mansion. This mentioned impressive structure is home to a fire flame burning for 1500 years.


It is believed that the fire was brought from Anahita Fire Temple in Fars Province. For this reason, it has attracted special attention and respect for people as a holy place to Zoroastrians. To enter the Zoroastrian Fire Temple, everyone needs to observe special etiquette, such as wearing clean and decent clothes, having a white hat or scarf, and wearing no shoes. 

Zoroastrian Towers of Silence is the next attraction to visit. We need to go outside the city to see these mysterious attractions, situated on the top of a hill in the form of two large buildings. 

In the distant past, Zoroastrians left the corpses in towers to be eaten by birds. You might experience a mysterious feeling during your visit. It’s time to return to the city of Yazd. 

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

Like any other big city, such as Shiraz, Isfahan, and Kerman that have a main ancient square, Yazd is host to a magnificent one, called Amir Chakhmaq Square. Registered in the Iran National Heritage List, the Amir Chakhmaq complex contains several old structures including a bazaar, a mosque, water storage (Ab-Anbar), and a Tekyeh that all narrate the history of this land since the Timurids dynasty.

Nowadays, this square is still shining in Yazd as the residents hold the most important religious and social ceremonies there.


Near the Amir Chakhmaq Square, which serves as the symbol of Yazd, we can pay a visit to the Saheb Al-Zaman Zurkhaneh. There, we can watch the cultural and traditional sport of Zurkhaneh, which has been recorded as the world-registered ritual.

Jameh Mosque of Yazd

It’s time to visit the tallest historical monument of Yazd, known as the Jameh Mosque. This eminent architectural masterpiece holds two of the tallest minarets of Iran. The excellent use of the blue mosaic tiles and brickworks have made this mosque a great piece of art.